The gums play a vital part in your digestive system, but they can be at risk for periodontal disease. Because of how important your gums and teeth are, you should take care of your oral health. However, there are a few things that can cause periodontal disease. Keep reading to find out how to prevent this issue.
About gum disease
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, involves the gums being infected by bacteria that can form plaque. That can cause inflammation in the area. The gums will eventually be too weak to support the teeth correctly. If it is not treated early on, it might cause gum recession. The structures that support the teeth might deteriorate.
This is why it is recommended for patients to regularly visit the dentist for checkups. That way, oral health issues can be treated early on to prevent complications. It is important to understand what causes the disease. That way, patients can prevent it better.
Risk factors and causes
Like other areas of the body, the mouth has many kinds of bacteria living in it. Some can be useful to the body, but the bacteria can also create harmful by-products. Food particles and oral mucus can combine to create plaque. That will eventually become tartar. As the bacteria multiply, they can cause an infection of the gums.
The good news is that properly cleaning the gums and teeth can prevent plaque and infection. That is why bad oral hygiene often causes gum disease. Some people might also be at a higher risk because of nutrition, genetics, or age. Hormonal issues and diabetes can also put someone at a higher risk of the condition.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
The teeth might become loose and the gums may look red or swollen with gum disease. With a dental appointment, the dentist will look for these issues. X-rays may be done to look at the condition. The dentist will also look for other symptoms.
Preventing gum disease
It is easier to prevent gum disease when the causes are known. It is important for patients to improve oral hygiene. The teeth should be brushed twice a day or even after each meal. The teeth also need to be cleaned right after waking up. The tongue and gums should also be cleaned.
Flossing is equally important. This should be done once a day to get rid of debris between the teeth. This can be hard to remove with a toothbrush alone. A plastic pick or a water flosser can make it easier. Then, mouthwash can be used to remove any remaining debris.
Visit a dentist today to prevent periodontal disease
When it comes to avoiding periodontal disease, you should visit your dentist at least every six months. That way you can understand the risk you have. It is important to avoid smoking and have a good diet. With these tips, you can take better care of your health while keeping gum disease away.
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